Gordon Gates on “the 11 Percent ALJ”


Social Security attorney Gordon Gates wrote about a Social Security Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) who only approves 11 percent of cases.

In trying to find some insight in to how this ALJ could only approve 11% of cases when most other ALJs approve somewhere between 45-60% of cases, Gordon found the following post from the ALJ on a high profile public website:

Some doctors go overboard on diagnoses and treatment because they sense the “pot of gold” in having a fairly young patient on Medicare for many years to come with a reliable source of payment for constant treatment.

Lawyers and other non-attorney representative can receive fees as a percentage of the back benefits awarded to a claimant. Once a claimant has a legal representative, one can actually track how the alleged impairments become much worse, with new impairments and symptoms added as the case matures.

A judge with some experience can almost recite verbatim the same story we hear from virtually EVERY claimant, suggesting they have received training from the national organization of the claimants attorneys. The government is complicit in this boondoggle, because the Social Security Administration actually publishes lists of symptoms for various impairments in the form of rules for judges to follow. Is it any wonder we hear those lists of symptoms at almost every hearing?

The Judge’s quote is quite lengthy and covers a number of topics.  I encourage you to read it in Gordon’s article:  The 11 Percent ALJ.

While I can agree with the Judge on several points in the longer quote, I strongly disagree with what the Judge says above.

Let’s set ’em up and knock ’em down!

Medicare as a “Pot of Gold”

The ALJ states that doctors are likely to “go overboard” with medical opinions to get patients approved for Social Security so the doctor has a “reliable stream of income” for years to come. 

In my experience, doctors generally do not want to provide any medical opinions and the hardest part of being an advocate for the disabled is trying to get doctors to make opinions in Social Security disability cases. 

Of course, the attorney’s and client’s attempts to get these medical opinions happens before the hearing and is typically invisible to the ALJ.

Additionally, there are two kinds of health insurance which come with Social Security:

  1. Medicare – if you are approved for disability insurance (Title 2 – SSDI).
  2. Medicaid – if you are approved for Supplemental Security Income (Title 16 – SSI).

Many clients tell me that they cannot find a doctor to take them on if they are on Medicaid. The doctor’s office is either no longer taking Medicaid patients or they have taken all the Medicaid patients they can for the year.

Doctors often do not want to take Medicaid patients because they make less money on those patients.  Medicaid is not any kind of “windfall” for doctors.

So, I wonder if the ALJ also believes that doctors are also likely to exaggerate opinions in SSI cases where the person will only get Medicaid?

Attorneys receive a percentage of the claimant’s back benefits.

Yes, attorneys do not work for free.  Neither does the Judge, the Judge’s clerk, or his staff.  We all have to pay rent, buy groceries, and pay our utilities. 

But, don’t disability attorneys have a vested interest in finding everyone disabled.

Do firefighters have a vested interest in burning buildings?

Do cops have a vested interest in crime?

Disability attorney have a vested interest to the extent that we only get paid if our client wins. But, you could also say attorneys who take Social Security disability cases feel strongly enough about the disabled that we risk not getting paid for our work if we don’t win.

But, how do you know if you have an attorney who just wants to be paid versus one who genuinely cares about helping the disabled. That’s pretty simple.

Attorneys “train” their clients.

No.  We prepare our clients for the day that may change their lives forever.  

That’s just semantics!

I don’t think so. I do not tell my clients what to say. But, I go over common hearing questions and their answers. Why?

  • Time is short. Judges often schedule 30-45 minutes for each hearing. That the Judge’s comments, swearing in, Medical Expert testimony (in some cases), and Vocational Expert testimony.  
  • You need to focus on what’s important. People have a natural tendency to drift off into other topics. With the limited time, I want to make sure my client does not miss a critical part of the case because we ran out of time.
  • You need to address inconsistencies ahead of the hearing. A client may say something which appears to be inconsistent with their disability. Often there is an explanation. But, unless you work through the inconsistency before the hearing, the client may be too nervous at the hearing to provide an adequate explanation. 

Actually, it is pretty easy to tell when someone is just repeating something they were told to say. Most people are terrible liars, especially when faced with the stress of their Social Security hearing.

Ultimately, the coaching question comes down to this: good lawyers do not hide the problems in a case, they overcome them.  

Impairments and symptoms become worse as the case matures.

Well, of course they do!

When you work with a good attorney, he or she helps you obtain evidence that Social Security was not able to get or was unaware of. 

  • I have seen bi-polar cases where none of the psychiatric records were obtained until the lawyer got involved.
  • I have seen back injury cases where the spinal specialist’s injection records were not obtained until the lawyer got involved.

As more evidence is obtained, cases become better developed which means there is more relevant documentation of the impairments and symptoms. So, of course, impairments and symptoms “get worse.”

However, the ALJ seems to suggest that the actual condition(s) worsen AFTER the attorney is hired. That lawyers somehow add-on symptoms and impairments that do not exist to make their clients look worse than they actually are in order to improve the chances of winning the case. 

Allow me to present an alternative explanation: a benefit of regularly meeting with my clients is that they tell me how they are feeling.  Often the conversations go like this:

You just told be about your migraines. Have you talked to your doctor? Why not bring it up at the next visit.


I am sorry to hear the physical therapy isn’t helping. Maybe your doctor can send you to a specialist for a consultation?

Good Social Security disability attorneys help their clients get their conditions evaluated and documented.

Also, doctors are very good at telling when someone is exagerating symptoms, let alone, faking symptoms outright.

One of the purposes of getting medical records is to see if the symptoms reported at the hearing have been previously reported to the doctor AND whether the doctor found any exaggeration, malingering, “drug seeking behavior,” or “secondary gains issues.”

If a patient is exaggerating, it will show up in the medical records. 

Symptoms described at hearing parallel those in the government published “list of symptoms.”

The Judge is referring to the Social Security Listing of Impairments (aka The Blue Book).  The Listings describe conditions which Social Security views as “disabling” and the medical findings necessary to find a person disabled for those conditions. 

The Listings are literally a short-cut in the disability evaluation process.  If you have a condition described in the Listings and the medical evidence supports the severity required to be approved, you can be found disabled for “meeting a listing.”

The judge asks, “Is it any wonder we hear those lists of symptoms at almost every hearing?”

Let’s remember that the Listings are Social Security’s own attempt to create uniformity in how its technicians and Judges evaluate medical conditions.  The idea is that different people within Social Security should not have different standards on whether a condition, for example whether diabetes is disabling or not. 

Is it fair to complain that people actually use the regulations Social Security has put in place for the evaluation of claims?

The Listings are not a free pass to disability.  It is not enough to have a condition described in the listing, you also have to have medical documentation (not just your say-so) that the condition meets certain medical requirements.  For example, here is the listing for chronic pulmonary insufficiency which may be used for COPD. Not only do you need to have a breathing test performed but your results must be within a particular range based on your height. 

I have had numerous clients with COPD and other respiratory conditions.  Very few have met the Listing.

However, when I have a case that does meet a Listing, of course I will structure the presentation of the case around it: Social Security own guidelines says that the condition is disabling.

Are we all liars?

The sum of the Judge’s quote suggests that doctors lie, lawyers lie and claimants are trained to lie.

So, who is left? Ah, yes, the Social Security technicians and Social Security doctors who denied the case in the first place. 

Should anyone be surprised that this judge only approves 11% of cases?

I have no problem that Judges should approach disability cases with skepticism since they are the holders of the public purse strings. But, this goes beyond healthy skepticism and into cynicism.

Is this the right approach for reviewing Social Security disability claims at hearing? What is your opinion? Add a comment to let us know.

  • Roger

    Nice article
    dug on http://www.lawdigg.com

  • d

    what is the name of the alj?

  • http://socialsecurityinsider.com/ TomaszStasiuk

    Gordon chose to focus on the Judge's comments, and I am taking the same approach.

  • R Gach

    I have appeared before this judge several times. Enjoyed your article. Sometimes we all need validation!

  • http://www.jamessextonlaw.com/ California Trust Attorney

    I enjoyed reading this article. Very informative and useful information. Thanks!

  • http://www.jamessextonlaw.com/ California Trust Attorney

    I enjoyed reading this article. Very informative and useful information. Thanks!

  • justme269

    I went to a for a social security re-determination exam. The re-determination doctor, paid for by social security, lied. When I went in for the exam, my daughter came in with me to help me get undressed. When the exam was over, I asked the doctor to please send my daughter back in to help me get dressed. In her report, she state that I had no trouble undressing and redressing myself. She also state that I had 5/5 strength bilaterally in my hands. This is false, I was tested using a meter for the strength in my hands. My right hand registered 20 (considered poor) and my left hand registered a big fat zero.

    Unfortunately, I cannot afford to see a doctor on a regular basis, as you get co-payed to death. I barely have enough money to buy food by the end of a month. One of my relatives offered to pay for me to go to MY doctor, who has treated me for cellulitis, in the past and, based on what I told him & how I performed in the evaluation, he is sending me for an MRI.

  • http://www.ColoradoSocialSecurityLaw.com/ TomaszStasiuk

    I am glad that you have such a supportive family.

    Regarding the consultative examiner lying, I have had a number of cases where my clients' description of what happened vary wildly from the medical report. In some cases I make that part of the record by having the client (or family member) write what happened and I submit it to the judge. If it is a credible complaint, the judge may schedule a second examination.

    Consider talking to a lawyer about your case to what would work in your case.

  • http://twitter.com/sushinoms Jun Mori

    I’m looking for a really good social security attorney to help me with my case.

  • http://planet10tech.com/ TomaszStasiuk

    I have a number of articles dealing with finding a lawyer, questions to ask and how much it should cost: http://www.socialsecurityinsider.com/category/basics/legal-help/